Docker and How to dockerize React App

Siddhant Prateek's photo
Siddhant Prateek
ยทAug 6, 2021ยท

4 min read

Docker and How to dockerize React App

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Docker Installation

Terminology

  • Docker daemon: It listens to the API requests being made through the Docker client and manages Docker Object.
  • Docker CLient: This is what you use to interact with Docker. The client sends the commands to the daemon.
  • Docker registries: This is where Docker images are stored.
  • Dockerfile: Describes steps to create Docker Image.
  • Docker Image
  • Docker Containers

How does it Work?

If you run docker run hello-world command on your command line, it looks for the hello-world image in your desktop which would present in Image Cache if you have ever used hello-world image. If it is not present locally on your desktop it will look for the image on the Docker hub and download it. After receiving the image docker will run the instance of a container.

An image is a blueprint to run a container or we can say A Docker image is a set of instructions that defines what should run inside a container. The Container runs only one single program.

Containerization Vs VMs Virtualization

Containerization is basically packaging your software code and all its necessary components and dependencies into an isolated container. It is "lightweight" and provides isolation from the host and other containers. The container can be run consistently in any environment and on any infrastructure independent of that environment or infrastructure's Operating System. It helps developers to create and deploy applications faster and more securely. Multiple containers can run on the same machine and share the same os kernel with other containers. It takes less space than VMs.

Virtual Machine(VMs) create an abstract layer over physical Hardware.It provides complete isolation from the host operating system and other VMs. A layer called Hypervisor enables other operating systems to run in parallel. Hypervisor separates other VMs from one another and allocates processors, memory and storage among them. Deploying applications is not easier or faster as compare to Containers.

Some Useful Commands.

For Linux users to check whether Docker is running on your system or not

systemctl status docker

docker ps

  • Shows all the running containers
docker ps

docker build

  • Build an image from dockerfile
docker build -t <image-name>:<image-tag> .

docker run

docker run <Imagename>/<ImageId>:(tag)<latest/verions>

i.e.

docker run -it ubuntu // same as: docker run -it ubuntu:latest 
docker run -it ubuntu:18.04
docker run -it ubuntu:16.04

docker start

docker start <Container-Name>/<Container-Id>

docker stop

  • It stops one or more running containers
docker stop <Container-Name>/<ContainerId>

docker kill

  • It will kill one or more running container
docker kill <Container-Name>/<Container-Id>

docker rm

  • Removes the container
docker rm <Container-Name>/<Container-Id>

docker inspect

It will only run if the image is already present in your local machine.

docker inspect ubuntu

in general

docker inspect <ImageName>/<ImageId>

docker system prune

  • Remove all unused containers, networks, images (both dangling and unreferenced), and optionally, volumes.
docker system prune

What is docker-compose ?

Docker compose helps in running multiple containers in a single service. or we can say docker-compose provides the facility to create multiple services for your docker container. let's take an example my application require NodeJs and MySQL database. I can create one file which would start both the containers as a service without the need to start each one separately.

Adding dockerfile for your react app and run it inside a docker container.

  • Create a react application make sure you have nodejs installed.
npx create-react-app myapp

cd myapp
  • Create a dockerfile as dockerfile and docker ignore file .dockerignore
<----------------// dockerfile----------------------->

FROM node                ๐Ÿ‘ˆ you can add any version you required

WORKDIR "/app"           ๐Ÿ‘ˆ inside your docker container at /app 
                          directory installs all your dependencies 
COPY package.json /app/ 

RUN npm install   

COPY .  /app/           ๐Ÿ‘ˆ to copy the files into your docker container

CMD ["npm", "start"]     ๐Ÿ‘ˆ to run the server at port :3000

Inside your .dockerignore file

<----------------// .dockerignore----------------------->


node_modules
  • After creating dockerfile, we need to create a docker image with the help of dockerfile.
docker build --tag <image-name>:<image-tag> .   ๐Ÿ‘ˆ it's upto you 
                                                   whether you want to 
                                                   provide image-tag 
                                                   or not by default it 
                                                   will be (latest)
docker run <image-name>:<image-tag>

docker ps                   // you can check your running container

To stop the container and remove the image

docker stop <Container-Id>

docker rmi <Image-Name>:<Image-tag>

Resources

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